Albacore Tuna Scientific Classification
KingdomAnimaliaPhylumChordataClassActinopterygiiOrderScombriformesFamilyScombridaeGenusThunnusScientific NameThunnus alalunga
Albacore Tuna Locations
Albacore Tuna Facts
Main PreyFish, crustaceans, cephalopods, and mollusksGroup Behavior
Fun FactThe albacore is a very fast swimmerEstimated Population SizeMore than a millionBiggest ThreatOverfishingMost Distinctive FeatureThe long pectoral fin that stretches across the bodyOther Name(s)Longfin tunaGestation PeriodA few daysWater Type
HabitatOceansPredatorsSharks, billfish, rays, humans, and other tunasDietCarnivoreTypeRay-finned fishCommon NameAlbacore tunaNumber Of Species1
Albacore Tuna Physical Characteristics
Skin TypeSmoothTop Speed50 mphLifespan10 – 12 yearsWeightUp to 80lbsLength1.2m (4ft)
Albacore Tuna Images
3 Incredible Albacore Tuna Facts
- Schools of albacore can stretch up to 19 miles wide. They are sometimes accompanied by skipjack, yellowfin, and bluefin tuna.
- Albacore swims at speeds of around 50 miles per hour.
- Albacore has a very high metabolism and consume up to 25% of their body weight in food per day.
Albacore Tuna Classification and Scientific Name
The scientific name of the albacore is Thunnus alalunga. This appears to be the combination of two words: ala, meaning wing, and lunga, meaning long.
Albacore Tuna Appearance
The albacore is one of the smallest tuna species. Weighing only about 80 pounds, it is only slightly larger than the skipjack. The albacore has a dark blue or gray back, fading to silver or white around the stomach. The most prominent characteristic is the massive pectoral fin on the side of the body. This is how it acquired the alternate name longfin.
Albacore Tuna Distribution, Population, and Habitat
The albacore has distinct stocks in the northern Pacific and southern Pacific. It’s also found in the Atlantic, the Indian Ocean, and the Mediterranean Sea. According to the IUCN Red List, this species is near threatened. Although many populations are responsibly managed, others are in steep decline.
Albacore Tuna Predators and Prey
The albacore is a top open sea predator. Its speed and size give it an inherent advantage over many other species.
What does the albacore eat?
What eats the albacore?
Albacore Tuna Reproduction and Lifespan
The albacore returns to the tropical waters every year around the summer season to reproduce. Depending on her size, the female will release between 800,000 and 2.6 million eggs into the water. The few albacores that survive into adulthood reach sexual maturity at five or six years and live up to 12 years.
Albacore in Fishing and Cooking
The albacore is critically important to commercial and recreational fisheries around the world. With its mild taste and firm meat, this species accounts for about 30% of the canned tuna market. Common recipes include grilled albacore, steaks, salads, sushi, and sashimi.