American Eskimo Dog Scientific Classification
KingdomAnimaliaPhylumChordataClassMammaliaOrderCarnivoraFamilyCanidaeGenusCanisScientific NameCanis lupus
American Eskimo Dog Locations
American Eskimo Dog Facts
Fun FactThe American Eskimo was once a part of the Barnum and Bailey Circus with which it would tour the country and perform for astounded audiences.Distinctive FeatureBright, white coat and pointed earsTemperamentPlayful and smartTrainingFairly easyDietOmnivoreAverage Litter Size5Common NameAmerican Eskimo DogSloganThe American Eskimo has splendid all white fur and an upturned tailGroupDog
American Eskimo Dog Physical Characteristics
Skin TypeHairLifespan13 – 15 years
American Eskimo Dog Images
3 Pros and Cons of Owning an American Eskimo Dog
|Alert and Active|
The American Eskimo has an inquisitive mind and loves to explore its surroundings.
If this breed doesn’t receive enough attention or exercise, then it may seek out more destructive forms of activity.
|Friendly and Social|
The American Eskimo loves to be around people and other dogs.
The American Eskimo is very talkative, but not every owner may enjoy its tendency to bark, howl, or yap.
This breed has an excellent lifespan and relatively few health issues.
The flipside of its social personality is its high separation anxiety when left alone for long periods of time.
American Eskimo Dog Size and Weight
The American Eskimo comes in three different sizes: standard, mini, and toy. In the chart below, the high number represents the standard size, while the smaller figure represents the typical size of the toy dog. The mini is somewhere in between.
|Height (Male)||9 to 19 inches|
|Height (Female)||9 to 19 inches|
|Weight (Male)||6 to 35 pounds|
|Weight (Female)||6 to 35 pounds|
American Eskimo Dog Common Health Issues
The American Eskimo is a healthy breed with a life expectancy of around 13 to 15 years. Some of the rarer conditions you should still nevertheless look out for include hip dysplasia (in which the thighbone doesn’t fit perfectly into the hip joint), progressive retinal atrophy (the deterioration of the retina), cataracts (the clouding of the lens in the black eye), and Legg-Calve-Perthes Disease (in which the blood supply to the femur is partly cut off).
Regardless of the dog’s health history, you should always look out for early signs of cancer, skin diseases, and ear problems, which may develop at any time. To ensure the best health results, you should buy your dog from a reputable breeder and have annual health checks at the vet. To sum up the most common health issues:
- Eye Diseases
- Skin Conditions
- Hip Degeneration
American Eskimo Dog Temperament
The American Eskimo has a friendly personality that shines through with everything it does. Although not exactly a great hunting or working dog, its alert temperament and loud bark do make it well-suited as a watchdog. But more than anything, this breed is an excellent companion that loves to be around people who shower it with plenty of attention. The dog expresses its essential traits through barking, playtime, tricks, and its exuberant personality. It’s a little hesitant to make new friends, but this can be overcome with some effort.
Even though this highly active breed is always ready to exercise and play outdoors, the American Eskimo is very well-suited for an indoor environment. It is just content to have fun around the house and be with its owner. But it’s also important to set boundaries with this breed; take charge and give it plenty of guidance and activities to engage in. Otherwise, its roaming and energetic mind might find an outlet in rather destructive, annoying, or neurotic behavior.
How to Take Care of the American Eskimo Dog
The American Eskimo is a high maintenance dog that requires a lot of care and attention to satisfy its full needs. If you’re not prepared to sacrifice time and expense on its exercise, grooming, training, and nutrition, then this might not be the right dog breed for you. For best results, you should make sure the dog is fully trained as a puppy.
American Eskimo Dog Food and Diet
The American Eskimo should be fed on half a cup to 1.5 cups of high-quality dry food divided in two separate meals (though the exact amount depends on the dog’s age, size, activity level, and metabolism). Dog treats are also a useful way to reinforce training. Obesity isn’t a significant problem for this highly energetic breed (at least until middle age), but you should nevertheless keep an eye on its weight and be prepared to adjust its calorie intake as needed.
American Eskimo Dog Maintenance and Grooming
The American Eskimo has a thick, elegant double coat of fur, but with a tendency for shedding, it requires two or three brushing sessions per week to remove dead hairs and prevent matting. Because of the natural oils produced by its fur, this breed doesn’t require too much cleaning. It is okay to bathe the dog after a particularly dirty outside adventure, but doing so more than once every few months could cause dryness and irritation. In addition to all of this, the nails should be trimmed and the ears cleaned out regularly to prevent health problems.
American Eskimo Dog Training
The American Eskimo is one of the most eager and outgoing breeds you can find. As a regular performance dog, this breed will easily follow directions and quickly learn commands sometimes just by watching and mimicking others. Early obedience training is a must for this breed. Otherwise, for all of its friendliness, the dog’s strong, independent personality may assert itself and exhibit some bad behavior. It’s not impossible to reverse this bad tendency as an adult, but you will need to put in some extra work.
American Eskimo Dog Exercise
The American Eskimo is a high-energy breed that requires a large amount of mental and physical stimulation throughout the day. It is a good idea to give it a fenced yard in which to play and plenty of toys to divert its attention. It also enjoys long walks or runs outdoors and does well in both snowy environments and water, but in hot weather you should make sure it is properly hydrated and has enough shade. Only after entering middle age will the American Eskimo slow down and become a lot more docile.
American Eskimo Puppies
Puppyhood is a very important time for the American Eskimo. It needs to be properly acclimated from an early age to obey human commands. If it is not properly trained and socialized as an adolescent, then this breed may experience significant behavioral problems later on in life, much more than the typical dog breed. Your puppy should also be subject to an early health screening from the vet to check for potential problems and administer all of the necessary shots.
American Eskimo Dogs and Children
With its friendly nature and playful personality, the American Eskimo loves to be around children. The standard American Eskimo is just the right size to interact with children too: it isn’t large enough to intimidate them but isn’t small enough to be overly delicate. The only real problem is that the breed’s high energy and activity level might be startling to smaller children. That is why you should always supervise every interaction between your dog and your children and never leave them alone together.
Dogs Similar to the American Eskimo
If you enjoy the American Eskimo, then you might want to check out these similar breeds.
- German Spitz – The German Spitz is the original breed from which the American Eskimo descended. Coming in five different varieties (the Wolfspitz, Giant Spitz, Medium Spitz, Mini Spitz, and the Pomeranian), this breed has a long double coat of fur with some variation of white, black, cream, brown, or red/orange coloration.
- Samoyed – Originating from the frigid lands of Siberia, the Samoyed has a very similar appearance as the American Eskimo with the white/biscuit fur and the curved tail. This all-around intelligent and hard-working breed was originally used for hauling sledges and protecting its owner.
- Finnish Spitz – Another member of the Spitz family, the Finnish Spitz also has a similar appearance as the American Eskimo but with a kind of brown-orange coat color. This alert and active breed was originally used as a type of bark pointer, which identified hunting game by barking loudly.
American Eskimo vs. Samoyed
Both breeds are very similar, but the main difference is that the Samoyed is a larger working breed with a thick wool undercoat and a harsher outer coat. Most Samoyeds are no smaller than 19 inches, whereas the American Eskimo is 19 inches at most.
Famous American Eskimo Dogs
The American Eskimo ranks about in the middle in terms of popularity, having only been recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1995. However, it was a more common sight in road shows during the 19th and early 20th century. An American Eskimo by the name of Stout’s Pal Pierre was a tightrope walker for the Barnum and Bailey Circus.
Popular Names for the American Eskimo Dog
Besides a few very apt names like Ghost, most American Eskimo names will be the same as any other dog breed. According to Rover.com, these are the most popular general dog names: