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Alabai Scientific Classification

KingdomAnimaliaPhylumChordataClassMammaliaOrderCarnivoraFamilyCanidaeGenusCanisScientific NameCanis lupus

Alabai Conservation Status

Alabai Locations

Alabai Locations

Alabai Facts

Fun FactThe Alabai’s genes indicate that this breed has been around for more than 5,000 years.TemperamentIndependent, proud, and affectionateDietOmnivore

Alabai Physical Characteristics


  • Grey
  • Black
  • White
  • Brindle
  • Multi-colored

Skin TypeHairLifespan12 – 15 yearsWeight110+ lbs

Alabai Images

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The Alabai’s genes indicate that this breed has been around for more than 5,000 years.

Alabais, commonly referred to as Central Asian Shepherd Dogs are a very large breed. They can be traced back over 5,000 years and have historically been used as a guard dog for goats and sheep. Today, Alabais may still be used as a shepherd dog, but they are also used to help protect the family and possessions of nomads.

Alabais have one of the strongest bites of any other breeds; their bite force is between 500 and 650 pounds per square inch. As the breed originated in Central Asia, it makes sense that they are one of the most popular breeds in Russia. In addition to being called a Central Asian Shepherd Dog, Alabais may also be called Central Asian Ovtcharkas, Middle Asian Ovtcharkas, and Mid-Asian Shepherds.

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Owning an Alabai: 3 Pros and Cons

Easy to groom: Alabais are pretty easy to groom and only need to be brushed about once a week.Large: Alabais are a very large breed and will require a lot of space and food.
Good with other animals: Central Asian Sheep Dogs are generally good with other dogs and cats.Can be challenging to train: Alabais are a very independent breed, which can make obedience training more difficult.
Protective: Alabais are courageous and will protect their family. Their bite force of 500 to 650 pounds per square inch backs up their bark if threatened.Not suited for apartment living: Central Asian Shepherd Dogs need to live in a home with a large fenced-in yard and will not do well in an apartment setting.
Central Asian shepherd, Alabai, standing on a rock in the mountains.
Central Asian shepherd, Alabai, standing on a rock in the mountains.

Alabai Size and Weight

Alabais are a very large breed. Males and females are both at least 25.5 inches tall and may be over 27.5 inches tall. They typically weigh a minimum of 88 pounds, but can get up to over 110 pounds.

Height (Male)25.5 inches to 27.5+ inches
Height (Female)25.5 inches to 27.5+ inches
Weight (Male)88 pounds to 110+ pounds
Weight (Female)88 pounds to 110+ pounds

Alabai Common Health Issues

The Alabai has been around for over 5,000 years and natural selection has helped to create a very healthy and genetically resistant breed. However, since they are such a large breed, they may develop hip or elbow dysplasia.

Hip dysplasia is a condition where the hip bone does not develop properly. The joints rub against each other and cause deterioration. This can make it very uncomfortable for an Alabai to walk and may require surgery.

Similarly, elbow dysplasia affects an Alabai’s elbow joints. It can also make walking very difficult and painful. An Alabai may require surgery to correct this condition as well.

Health and Entertainment for your Alabai

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To review, the two most prevalent health concerns that Alabais face are:

  • Hip dysplasia
  • Elbow dysplasia

Alabai Temperament and Behavior

Alabais have a very independent personality. They are also very confident, territorial, and protective, and if they sense a threat towards their loved ones may exhibit aggressive behaviors. This breed is extremely loyal to their loved ones and can be quite affectionate.

The Alabai’s traits make them a good family dog for homes with older children, but due to their size are generally not recommended for homes with small children.

How to Take Care of an Alabai

Since an Alabai is such a unique breed, you will need to keep their temperament, size, nutritional needs, activity needs, and training needs in mind when creating a care plan.

Alabai Food and Diet

When choosing a food for an adult Alabai, look for one that is specifically formulated for large breeds. Since Alabais are not a high-energy breed, you should also look for something that is formulated for lower energy breeds. Depending on your dog, it may be best to offer them just one larger serving of food each day or two smaller servings. Your vet will be the best resource to confirm how much food they should eat and how many servings they should be fed each day.

A puppy will have different dietary requirements than an adult Alabais. They have smaller stomachs and will need to eat multiple small meals throughout the day. Check with your veterinarian, but in most cases, puppies under six months old should eat between three and four meals a day.

Alabai Maintenance and Grooming

Alabais are very easy to groom. They don’t shed very much throughout the year, but do have one very heavy shedding season. Between shedding seasons, an Alabai will just require occasional brushing and bathing.

An Alabai’s nails do grow very quickly and should be kept trimmed to keep them from getting too long, cracking, splitting, or making it uncomfortable for the dog to walk. Owners should also take care to keep the Alabai’s ears clean and teeth brushed on a regular basis.

Alabai Training

An Alabai’s independent nature can make this breed challenging to train. Experienced owners who are able to devote the time necessary for training this breed will likely yield the best results. Consistent and fair training is essential to help an Alabai learn expectations and become an affectionate and well-behaved pup.

Alabai Exercise

While Alabais are not a very high energy breed, they still require daily exercise. Aim to take your Alabai on long walks, give them a task to complete outdoors, or play with them in a fenced-in yard. This breed should be given at least an hour of daily exercise.

Alabai Puppies

Alabai puppies will grow quickly and owners will need to be prepared to meet the growing demands this breed offers. Puppies will need to be given plenty of play time and activity to keep them busy and entertained. They often enjoy playing with tough toys made from rubber that won’t be easily destroyed.

Before bringing home an Alabai puppy, be sure your home is puppy proof, and that you are ready for the commitment involved in raising this breed. They require greater supervision and more continuous training than many other breeds.

Alabai puppies on a white background in the studio.
Alabai puppies on a white background in the studio.

Alabais and Children

Alabais can be very good with children. They are affectionate, protective, and loyal. However, since this breed is very protective, they may not be as accepting of strangers, such as a child’s playmate, in the home. Alabais are also very large and could accidentally injure a smaller child, so they should be closely supervised when around children.

Dogs similar to Alabai

Anatolian Shepherd Dogs, Mastiffs, and Tibetan Mastiffs are three breeds that are similar to the Alabai.

  • Anatolian Shepherd Dog: Anatolian Shepherd Dogs and Alabais are both very large breeds that weigh over 100 pounds. Both breeds are very territorial and can make an excellent watchdog. Alabais generally do better with other dogs and cats than Anatolian Shepherd Dogs.
  • Mastiff: Mastiffs and Alabais are both affectionate dogs who are very protective of the people who are important to them. Mastiffs are more easy-going and can be easier to train than Alabais.
  • Tibetan Mastiff: Tibetan Mastiffs and Alabais both weigh over 100 pounds, though an Alabai is generally taller with an average height of 29.5 inches compared to the 26.5-inch average height of a Tibetan Mastiff. Alabais make a better pet for homes with children or other animals than Tibetan Mastiffs.

Alabai vs Kangal

Kangals are another old breed. They can be dated back as far as the 12th century, while Alabais have been around for over 5,000 years. Kangals and Alabais have both been used to guard flocks of livestock. Both breeds have a very strong bite force, though the Kangal’s is even stronger than the Alabai’s. Kangals and Alabais can both weight over 110 pounds, but Kangals may be taller at up to 30 inches tall.

Famous Alabais

If you’re interested in following a few Alabais on Instagram, below are a few accounts you can check out:

Can’t settle on the right name for your Alabai? See if one of the top choices below feels like the right fit:

  • Bear
  • Max
  • Duke
  • Apollo
  • Bruce
  • Sadie
  • Ruby
  • Zoey
  • Harper
  • Fiona

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