Camel Spider Scientific Classification
Camel Spider Conservation Status
Camel Spider Locations
Camel Spider Facts
PreyBeetles, Lizards, Small birds, RodentsName Of YoungSpiderlingGroup Behavior
Fun FactKnown to follow in a human’s shadow to stay warm!Estimated Population SizeUnknownBiggest ThreatHabitat loss, poison, starvationMost Distinctive FeatureLong pedipalpsOther Name(s)Wind scorpion, Sun spider, Egyptian Giant sulpugidGestation Period11 daysHabitatDeserts, scrublandsPredatorsToads, Scorpions, BatsDietCarnivoreAverage Litter Size50-200Lifestyle
Common NameCamel SpiderLocationMiddle East, Mexico, Southwestern United StatesSloganFast, carnivorous arachnid with a painful bite.GroupArachnid
Camel Spider Physical Characteristics
- Dark Brown
Skin TypeHairTop Speed10 mphLifespanUp to 1 yearWeight2 ozLength3-6 inchesAge of WeaningNewly hatched
Camel Spider Images
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Camel spiders can move as fast as 10 miles per hour!
The camel spider lives in the Middle East, Mexico, and the southwestern area of the United States. They live in dry climates like deserts and scrublands. This animal is a carnivore that eats rodents, small birds, insects, and lizards. The bite of this creature is very painful to humans.
5 Fascinating Camel Spider Facts
- Camel spiders are solitary animals, except for mating.
- Females lay from 50 to 200 eggs and remain in the burrow with them until they hatch unless she didn’t store enough fat and starves.
- These animals are nocturnal hunters and avoid going out in the day because of the intense heat.
- They can grow to be six inches long. Not surprisingly, the ‘giant camel spider’ is one of the biggest.
- Camel spiders are not venomous, but their bite is very painful..
Camel Spider Scientific Name
The camel spider belongs to the Solpugidae family and the class Arachnida. This animal goes by a few other names including wind scorpion, sun spider, and the Egyptian Giant solpugid. Solpugid is the Latin word for ‘sun spider.’
This creature got its name based on the myth that it eats the insides of a camel’s stomach. This is not true. But the name has stuck with it despite the busted myth, making the name camel spider a bit misleading.
There are more than 1,000 species of this spider. Galeodes arab, Galeodes caspius, Galeodes granti, and Paragaleodes are just a few examples.
Camel Spider Appearance and Behavior
A camel spider is tan and dark brown in color with small hairs on its body. The fine hairs on the body of a camel spider help to insulate it from the desert heat. The coloration of a camel spider helps it to blend into the dry, hot environment around them. This can help it stay clear of predators.
While it has eight legs, some people mistakenly think it has ten because camel spiders have two long pedipalps (a second pair of appendages) near their mouths. They use these to find and pull in their prey.
The size of this spider ranges from 3 to 6 inches long. It weighs about two ounces. If you put three golf tees on the ground end to end you would be looking at the length of a six-inch camel spider. Hold a tennis ball in your hand and you are holding something that’s about the same weight as a two-ounce camel spider. The camel spider is one of the biggest spiders in the world.
Camel spiders can move quickly through their desert or scrubland habitat. The fastest they can go is 10 mph – which, while not slow, is only about one fifth as fast as a rabbit. The next time you hop in the car, watch the speedometer as it moves up to 10 mph, this will give you a solid idea of how fast this animal moves!
Some people believe that camel spiders chase humans in order to bite them. This is a myth. Yes, a camel spider may follow a human, but the spider is not following the person in order to bite them. In fact, the spider probably doesn’t know it’s following a human. You see, a person casts a long shadow. Camel spiders have been known to follow people in order to enjoy the coolness of their shadow in the hot environments in which they live. There’s a good chance that a person who sees a camel spider following them will start to run and the spider may decide to speed up in order to stay inside the person’s shadow! Fortunately, most humans can outrun this spider – although it is a fast one.
Camel spiders are solitary except during mating season. They can also be aggressive if they feel threatened but are rarely seen by humans since they are mostly nocturnal.
Camel Spider Habitat
Camel spiders live in the Middle East, southwestern United States, and Mexico. They live in hot, dry deserts and scrublands.
Camel spiders hide in crevices between rocks as well as under logs to keep cool when daytime temperatures reach their highest. They hunt at night when the temperatures are cooler.
Water is scarce in the desert, so camel spiders get most of the liquid they need to survive when they eat their prey.
These animals don’t migrate. They live in the desert or scrubland throughout their short lives.
Camel Spider Diet
What do camel spiders eat? These animals are carnivores. Some of their prey includes lizards, small birds, gerbils, beetles, snakes, and termites. This arachnid can even eat prey that is larger than itself. Like many other creatures, camel spiders will eat whatever prey is most plentiful in their environment.
Camel spiders can sense prey with their pedipalps and grab them with their jaws. They use their own digestive juices to turn their prey into a pulpy liquid that they can consume. Yuck!
Sometimes there’s not much food available for camel spiders in deserts and scrublands. So, these animals store fat in their bodies to nourish them during those times when they can’t find prey.
Camel Spider Predators and Threats
Camel spiders have a few predators including toads, scorpions, and bats. These three predators are nocturnal. So, they are active at the same time camel spiders are out hunting for prey.
A bat using echolocation can find a camel spider and swoop down to pick it up for a meal. A scorpion can overpower a camel spider and eat it. There are also some desert toads that are as large or larger than camel spiders, so they are also capable of capturing one of these spiders to eat.
One major threat to camel spiders is starvation. If they can’t find prey in the desert and aren’t able to store up any fat, they can die of starvation.
However, the official conservation status of camel spiders is least concern.
Camel Spider Reproduction, Babies, and Lifespan
During breeding season, a male camel spider chases a female spider to mate with her. Once the mating has occurred, a female camel spider hunts for food, storing up as much fat in her body as she can. After an 11-day gestation period, she digs a burrow in the ground and lays from 50 to 250 eggs in it.
A female camel spider stays in the burrow with her eggs until they hatch. She doesn’t even leave the burrow to hunt for food, instead, she survives on stored fat. In some cases, if the female spider doesn’t store up enough fat to live, she will die in the burrow before her eggs hatch.
It takes three to four weeks for camel spider eggs to hatch. Once they do, the babies, also known as spiderlings, are able to hunt for small insects. As they grow larger, they can hunt for larger types of prey.
As you can guess, the spiderlings of a camel spider are very small when they are born so they’re vulnerable to a lot of predators. This is one of the reasons why a female has so many eggs. It improves the chances that at least some of the spiderlings will reach adulthood. A camel spider can live for up to one year.
Camel Spider Population
These animals are active only at night and hide well during the day. As a result, the population of camel spiders is unknown.